Journal article

Sleep and Wake Classification With ECG and Respiratory Effort Signals

We describe a method for the online classification of sleep/wake states based on cardiorespiratory signals produced by wearable sensors. The method was conceived in view of its applicability to a wearable sleepiness monitoring device. The method uses a Fast Fourier Transform as the main feature extraction tool and a feed-forward Artificial Neural Network as a classifier. We show that when the method is applied to data collected from a single young male adult, the system can correctly classify on average 95.4% of unseen data from the same user. When the method is applied to classify data from multiple users with the same age and gender, its accuracy is reduced to 85.3%. However, a Receiver Operating Characteristic analysis shows that, compared to actigraphy, the proposed method produces a more balanced correct classification of sleep and wake periods. Additionally, by adjusting the classification threshold of the neural classifier, 86.7% of correct classification is obtained.

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