Infoscience

Journal article

Electron cyclotron current drive and suprathermal electron dynamics in the TCV tokamak

Electron cyclotron current drive (ECCD) is an important prospective tool for tailoring the current profile in nextstep devices. To fill the remaining gaps between ECCD theory and experiment, especially in the efficiency and localization of current drive, a better understanding of the physics of suprathermal electrons appears necessary. In TCV the fast electron population is diagnosed by a multichordal, spectrometric hard x-ray camera and by a highfield side electron cyclotron emission radiometer. The main modelling tool is the quasilinear Fokker-Planck code CQL3D, which is equipped with a radial particle transport model. Systematic studies of fast electron dynamics have been performed in TCV with modulated or pulsed electron cyclotron power, followed by coherent averaging, in order to identify the roles of collisional relaxation and radial transport in the dynamics of the suprathermal population. A consistent picture is emerging from experiment and modelling, pointing to the crucial role of the radial transport of suprathermal electrons in the physics of ECCD.

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