G-protein regulation of capacitative calcium entry may be mediated by protein kinases A and C in Xenopus oocytes
Inositol 2,4,5-trisphosphate irreversibly activated capacitative calcium entry in Xenopus oocytes, whereas guanosine thiotriphosphate (GTP[S]) and AIF4- only activated capacitative calcium entry transiently. Both GTP[S] and AIF4- inhibited capacitative calcium entry activated by thapsigargin pretreatment, but guanosine thiodiphosphate (GDP[S]), inositol 2,4,5-trisphosphate and dibutyryl cyclic GMP did not affect capacitative calcium entry. This suggests the involvement of heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins in the regulation of capacitative calcium entry. Activation of protein kinase C or cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase had profound effects on capacitative calcium entry, which were consistent with the hypothesis that the effects of GTP[S] and AIF4- on capacitative calcium entry may be mediated via heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein stimulation of kinases. Further evidence for this hypothesis was derived from the result that the effects of GTP[S] on calcium entry could be inhibited by the application of the protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine.
Babraham Institute Laboratory of Molecular Signalling, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, U.K.
Record created on 2007-12-18, modified on 2016-08-08