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Abstract

In this paper, we study the operation of MOS current-mode logic (MCML) gates at lower-than-nominal supply voltages.We show that power can be traded for speed by reducing the supply voltage below the nominal value, while the power-delay product stays nearly constant. We propose a negative bias strategy that enables the gates to operate at maximum speed with a reduced supply voltage, thus achieving a power saving of up to 35% at no cost for speed. Comparison with CMOS logic style are presented for three different technology nodes (0.25\u03bcm, 0.18\u03bcm and 0.13\u03bcm CMOS).

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