Infoscience

Journal article

Abnormal patterns of cortical gyrification in velo-cardio-facial syndrome (deletion 22q11.2): an MRI study

Velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS), also known as 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, is a common genetic condition associated with increased risk for developing schizophrenia. Given that cortical malformations play an integral role in the pattern of neuroanatomical alterations associated with VCFS, the aim of the present study was to quantify and localize gyral abnormalities. Magnetic resonance images were obtained on a 1.5 T scanner. The gyrification index (GI), a measure of the degree of cortical complexity, was differentially calculated for each lobe using a semi-automated protocol. The GI was calculated for 37 patients affected by VCFS as well as for 36 comparison individuals group-matched for age, handedness, and gender. The subjects affected by VCFS showed a significant decrease in the GI in the frontal and parietal lobes compared with the control group. The pattern of decreased gyrification in the frontal and parietal lobes further defines the structural changes associated with the syndrome and suggests underlying abnormalities in neural connectivity. Aberrant connectivity may be partially responsible for the cognitive and behavioral impairments in the syndrome, as well as the high incidence of schizophrenia among affected individuals

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