Wound healing gene-family expression differences between fetal and foreskin cells used for bioengineered skin substitutes
For tissue engineering, several cell types and tissues have been proposed as starting material. Allogenic skin products available for therapeutic usage are mostly developed with cell culture and with foreskin tissue of young individuals. Fetal skin cells offer a valuable solution for effective and safe tissue engineering for wounds due to their rapid growth and simple cell culture. By selecting families of genes that have been reported to be impli- cated in wound repair and particularly for scarless fetal wound healing including transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-b) superfamily, extracellular matrix, and nerve/angiogenesis growth factors, we have analyzed differences in their expression between fetal skin and foreskin cells, and the same passages. Of the ﬁve TGF-b superfamily genes analyzed by real-time reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction, three were found to be signiﬁ- cantly different with sixfold up-regulated for TGF-b2, and 3.8-fold for BMP- 6 in fetal cells, whereas GDF-10 was 11.8-fold down-regulated. For nerve growth factors, midkine was 36-fold down-regulated in fetal cells, and pleiotrophin was 4.76-fold up-regulated. We propose that fetal cells present technical and therapeutic advantages compared to foreskin cells for effective cell-based therapy for wound management, and overall differences in gene expression could contribute to the degree of efﬁciency seen in clinical use with these cells.