Journal article

The CELO adenovirus Gam1 protein enhances transient and stable recombinant protein expression in Chinese hamster ovary cells

The Gam1 protein of the avian CELO adenovirus activates transcription through inhibition of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1). We investigated the effect of Gam1 on both transient and stable transgene expression in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, one of the most commonly used mammalian hosts for the large-scale production of recombinant proteins. Transient expression of Gam1 increased reporter protein levels up to 4-fold in suspension cultures of CHO DG44 cells co-transfected with a reporter gene and up to 20-fold in recombinant CHO DG44-derived cell lines. The highest levels of activation were observed when the transgene was under the control of the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) immediate early promoter/enhancer. Increases in recombinant protein expression in the presence of Gam1 were not accompanied by an enhancement of cell growth or viability. We conclude that Gam1 may serve as a useful genetic tool for increasing recombinant protein expression in CHO DG44 cells.


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