Journal article

Mass preserving finite element implementations of the level set method

In the last two decades, the level set method has been extensively used for the numerical solution of interface problems in different domains. The basic idea is to embed the interface as the level set of a regular function. In this paper we focus on the numerical solution of interface advection equations appearing in free-surface fluid dynamics problems, where naive finite element implementations are unsatisfactory. As a matter of fact, practitioners in fluid dynamics often complain that the mass of each fluid component is not conserved, a phenomenon which is therefore often referred to as mass loss. In this paper we propose and compare two finite element implementations that cure this ill-behaviour without the need to resort to combined strategies (such as e.g. particle level set). The first relies on a discontinuous Galerkin discretization, which is known to give very good performance when facing hyperbolic problems; the second is a stabilized continuous FEM implementation based on the stabilization method presented in [N. Parolini, Computational fluid dynamics for Naval engineering applications, PhD thesis, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, June 2004], which is free from many of the problems that classical methods exhibit when applied to unsteady problems. [All rights reserved Elsevier]


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