Journal article

On tower impedances for transient analysis

The analysis of the dynamic behavior of power transmission line and telecommunication towers is of interest in protection and EMC studies related to lightning. Usually, time-domain surge impedance is used to characterize tower dynamic behavior. The main drawback in the definition of such surge impedance is that it is dependent on the excitation waveshape and there is no consensus on the current waveshape to be used. Also, there is no consensus on the unique definition of the involved voltage. This paper explores possibilities for a systematized approach to the analysis and uniquely defined quantities that characterize transient response of towers. Further, limitations associated with simplified approaches are emphasized by examining examples of direct comparison between computations based on transmission-line approach and antenna theory for a 100-m tall tower. It is pointed out that problems in the definition of voltages might occur above 100 kHz, especially near resonant frequencies, while differences in current distribution exist already at the lowest frequencies


Related material