Journal article

Embedding an Allylmetal Dimer in a Chiral Cavity: The Unprecedented Stereoselectivity of a Twofold Wittig [1,2]-Rearrangement

After alpha,alpha'-dimetalation, both 2,2'-diallyloxy-1,1'-binaphthyl and 2,2'-di-2-methylallyloxy-1,1'-binaphthyl undergo the Wittig rearrangement with perfect diastereoselectivity. When racemic 1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diol ("BINOL") is used as the starting material, it gives rise to a 1:1 mixt. of antipodal stereoisomers, whereas enantiomerically pure (M)-2,2'-diallyloxy-1,1'-binaphthyl affords (M)-(S,S)-1,1-(1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl)bis(2-propen-1-ol) as the sole product. The (M)-(S,S)/(P)-(R,R) mixt. resulting from the rearrangement of racemic 2,2'-diallyloxy-1,1'-binaphthyl can be effectively subjected to a kinetic racemate resoln. by applying the Sharpless-Katsuki asym. epoxidn. The single-sided Wittig rearrangement of 2-allyloxy-2'-propyloxy-1,1'-binaphthyl proceeds without any diastereoselectivity as this substrate can only be monometalated and hence is incapable of intramol. aggregate formation which is instrumental for the obsd. stereoselectivity. [on SciFinder (R)]


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