000101065 001__ 101065
000101065 005__ 20190619003130.0
000101065 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.5075/epfl-thesis-3789
000101065 02470 $$2urn$$aurn:nbn:ch:bel-epfl-thesis3789-6
000101065 02471 $$2nebis$$a5325294
000101065 037__ $$aTHESIS
000101065 041__ $$afre
000101065 088__ $$a3789
000101065 245__ $$bmodélisation spatiale et représentation de phénomènes culturels$$aRencontre de la science de l'information géographique et de l'anthropologie culturelle
000101065 269__ $$a2007
000101065 260__ $$bEPFL$$c2007$$aLausanne
000101065 300__ $$a221
000101065 336__ $$aTheses
000101065 502__ $$aMartin Schuler, Nicholas Chrisman, Paul Sillitoe
000101065 520__ $$aGeographical Information Science and Cultural Anthropology are aimed to collaborate on development projects dedicated to indigenous communities. This fact is first based on a growing intention to integrate the reality and the perception of the development owned by the community. This movement, towards a stronger consideration of the community's point of view, is assigning to the anthropologist with a central importance in projects. He plays a leading part in linking the culture and the scientific disciplines involved in a project. Secondly, the geographic space, the community is evolving in, has its own organization and functioning. The recognized importance of space therefore implies the participation of the geographical information science specialist. The "rapprochement" of those disciplines with distant epistemologies constitutes the context of this study. At first sight, the use of a geographical information system by an anthropologist appears to be limited to the introduction of a new tool. For the specialist in geographical information science, the adaptation of the anthropological knowledge to the logic of the information systems seems to be a common problem of data structuring, analysis and mapping. The attempts of rapprochement to date aren't particularly successful. Their analysis brought us to formulate a statement of fact summarized in this research by the complexity versus simplicity paradox. The interaction between the two disciplines, given a concrete expression by the confrontation of their epistemologies, is at the origin of new problems and questions. Some of them are complex as this study shows. This research results corresponds to a twofold proposal for collaboration approaches. First, an innovative approach of modelling the anthropological knowledge in geographical information science is suggested. This approach introduces the concept of "knowledge model", dialogue object between the disciplines. Its establishment precedes the one of the conceptual data model. Second, an approach is developed for the conception of a visual and interactive interface. This computerized framework is set up in order to support interdisciplinary communication. Moreover, it allows products of the geographical information science to be accessible to the anthropologists. The pertinence and the reliability of the suggested approaches are established in terms of adequacy to the logic of each discipline, and of integration to the development projects. The associated contributions and limits are finally discussed, leading to some future prospects.
000101065 6531_ $$ageographical information science
000101065 6531_ $$acultural anthropology
000101065 6531_ $$ainterdisciplinarity
000101065 6531_ $$aknowledge modeling
000101065 6531_ $$adynamic visualization
000101065 6531_ $$ainteractivity
000101065 6531_ $$ascience de l'information géographique
000101065 6531_ $$aanthropologie culturelle
000101065 6531_ $$ainterdisciplinarité
000101065 6531_ $$amodélisation de la connaissance
000101065 6531_ $$areprésentation dynamique
000101065 6531_ $$ainteractivité
000101065 700__ $$0(EPFLAUTH)103150$$g103150$$aPointet, Abram
000101065 720_2 $$aGolay, François$$edir.$$g105275$$0242392
000101065 8564_ $$uhttps://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/101065/files/EPFL_TH3789.pdf$$zTexte intégral / Full text$$s17615191$$yTexte intégral / Full text
000101065 909C0 $$xU10244$$0252045$$pLASIG
000101065 909CO $$pthesis-public$$pDOI$$pENAC$$ooai:infoscience.tind.io:101065$$qGLOBAL_SET$$pthesis$$pthesis-bn2018$$qDOI2
000101065 918__ $$dEDEN$$cINTER$$aENAC
000101065 919__ $$aLASIG
000101065 920__ $$b2007$$a2007-5-16
000101065 970__ $$a3789/THESES
000101065 973__ $$sPUBLISHED$$aEPFL
000101065 980__ $$aTHESIS